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Accreditation
 

According to the legislation i.e. The Standardization, Accreditation and Technical Notification Law (N.156(I)2002), the Cyprus Organization for the Promotion of Quality (CYS-CYSAB), has been designated as the authorised body for the operation of Accreditation System in Cyprus. With the revised Law 10(Ι)/2010 the organizationn was designated as the national Accreditation body within the contex of regulation (EC) No 765/2008 After an unanimous decision of the General Assembly of EA (European co-operation for Accreditation) CYS-CYSAB became a full member of this European institution. With the revised law for Accreditation, Standardization and Technical Notification Law 57(I)/2011 , some important changes have been introduced for full alignment with the regulation (EC) No 765/2008.

Accreditation is...                        

a recognition by an authorised body after an assessment that an institution is competent to carry out specified tasks. Through such an assessment the reliability of the service offered is documented. The case of testing is of great importance, mainly due to requirements introduced by legislation. In many cases such requirements refer to the need of adequate and reliable laboratory infrastructure. This is of interest to all stakeholders i.e. manufacturers and suppliers, traders, conformity assessment bodies and consumers as well as the competent authorities within their responsibilities to ensure the implementation of  the law.

Accreditation deals with the technical competence of both the personnel and the infrastructure. This is related not only to the competence itself but to the independence and integrity of the laboratory. The scope is described in a certificate and it may represent only a small part of the overall activities of the body being assessed.

Why Accreditation is required

In today΄s society the increase of awareness of both the consumers rights and the responsibilities of the competent authorities underlines the usefulness of accreditation which is, indeed, an indispensable tool for the operation of the single European Market. Accredited laboratories provide a reliable framework for the free movement of goods over existing frontiers. Cypriot producers selling their products abroad, could document their quality on the basis of the product certificate. As a result, no further testing is carried out in the country of destination provided that the laboratory which has issued the acceptance certificate is an accredited one on the specific activity.

The establishment of Cyprus Accreditation Body

A six month project (October 2003 - March 2004) funded by the European Commission, has been implemented in cooperation with DANAK (the Danish Accreditation Body).  The project included a number of activities e.g. training of candidate assessors, stakeholders, attendance of candidate assessors as observers in accreditation activities of DANAK in Denmark, preparation of the framework of the Quality System etc. The Quality System has been further elaborated in line with the requirements of the standard CYS EN ISO/IEC 17011.

The Fields of Accreditation Services cover the basic conformity assessment activities.

The organization structure of CYSAB reflects the existing needs in relation to existing potential of the organization.

Cyprus in Europe!

In Europe there is a number of requirements regarding accreditation.  National accreditation bodies should comply with these requirements to achieve mutual recognition. In August 2004, CYS applied for full membership in EA (European co-operation for Accreditation).  After unanimous approval by the EA General Assembly (Zagreb, November 2004), CYS-CYSAB became a full member of EA.

Developments in Europe

CYS-CYSAB'S membership in EA ensures efficient access to developments regarding accreditation.  The participation in some basic committees was considered of high importance.

  • ΕΑ-LC-Laboratory Committee
  • EA-IC-Inspection Committee
  • EA-CC-Certification Committee
  • EA-HHC-Horizontal Harmonization Committee
  • EA-MAC-Multilateral Agreement Committee

Through this participation, CYS-CYSAB is becoming more competent to provide accreditation services for the whole range of conformity assessment bodies (laboratories, inspection and certifications bodies) which will play an important role as Notified Bodies within the New Approach Directives.The involvement of CYS-CYSAB in the notification procedure of inspection bodies is vital; based on the relevant legislation requirements of the competent authority and the corresponding European legislation, CYS-CYSAB undertakes the technical assessment of Bodies applied for notification in specific sectors of activity. CYS-CYSAB formulated the policy and issued the Guidance Document for Certification and/or Inspection Bodies for the Inspection of the Installation of Lifts  regarding their Notification and/or Accreditation.

In the meantime, the requirement for laboratories to be accredited becomes more and more frequent, especially in sectors related to health and safety e.g. food, medicines, environmental measurements, medical laboratories, dangerous substances etc.

CYS-CYSAB'S planning

CYS-CYSAB is looking forward to offer services all over Cyprus, provided that relevant political conditions are ensured. Accreditation as well as other tools for the implementation of the European Acqui could be proven to be a unifying factor in Cyprus Society.  The first basic steps i.e. translation of documents in Turkish, are already being made.

CYS-CYSAB has recently signed a Protocol for Cooperation with the Hellenic Accreditation System (ESYD).  This will facilitate the smooth operation of CYS-CYSAB as well as the speeding up of its preparation towards the signing of Multilateral Agreement within EA.

Technical Committees

Two Technical Committees dealing with accreditation matters: TE1 for testing and TE2 for calibration.


Cooperation with other Bodies in Cyprus.

CYS-CYSAB in particular is in good cooperation with scientific and professional bodies in Cyprus.  CyprusLab and Cyprus-Eurachem Committee are among the most important ones, facilitating the interactions with the respective European fora, namely EUROLAB and EURACHEM.

Publications

CYS-CYSAB has published the following informative leaflets:

Code

PIO No.

Title

IL01.1/2007GR

159/2007

Διαπίστευση
Εργαλείο Αξιοπιστίας του Εργαστηριακού Ελέγχου

IL01.0/2006TR

372/2006

AKREDITASYON Test Guvenilebilirliginin Saglanmasi icin bir arac

IL01.1/2008EN

312/2008

ACCREDITATION A Tool to Ensure Reliability of Testing

 

IL02.1/2008GR

104/2008

Διαπίστευση ή Πιστοποίηση για τα Εργαστήρια;

IL02.0/2004TR

88/2006

Laboratorlar icin akreditasyon veya belgelendirme

IL02.1/2008EN

313/2008

Accreditation or Certification for Laboratories?

 

IL03.1/2008GR

105/2008

Η Κύπρος ενεργά παρούσα στην Ευρωπαϊκή Διαπίστευση

IL03.0/2006TR

371/2006

Kibris aktif bir Avrupa Akreditasyon katilimcisidir

IL03.0/2006EN

370/2006

Cyprus actively participates in the European Accreditation

 

IL04.1/2008GR

314/2008

Τέλη Διαπίστευσης Εργαστηρίων και άλλων Φορέων

IL04.0/2008EN

315/2008

Accreditation Fees for Laboratories and other Bodies

 

IL05.1/2008GR

106/2008

Διαπίστευση Ιδιωτικών Κέντρων Τεχνικού Ελέγχου Μηχανοκίνητων Οχημάτων (ΙΚΤΕΟ)

 

IL06.0/2009GR

188/2009

Καθοδηγητικό κείμενο για τα εργαστήρια

IL06.0/2008TR

352/2008

Akkreditasyon nasil yapilir? Laboratuvarlar icin kilavuz

IL06.0/2007EN

354/2007

How to proceed with Accreditation
A guide for laboratories

 

IL07.0/2006GR

368/2006

Επιθεώρηση και Επιβεβαίωση της Ορθής Εργαστηριακής Πρακτικής

 

IL08.0/2007GR

269/2007

Διαπίστευση Φορέων Ελέγχου

IL08.0/2007EN

355/2007

Accreditation of Inspection Bodies

 

IL09.0/2008GR

108/2008

Δοκιμές Ικανότητας και Διεργαστηριακές Συγκρίσεις

IL09.0/2008TR

353/2008

Ehliyet Deneme ve Laboratuvarlararasi Kiyaslamalar

IL09.0/2007EN

356/2007

Proficiency Testing and Inter-Laboratory Comparisons

 

IL10.0/2007GR

353/2007

Διαπίστευση Κλινικών Εργαστηρίων

IL10.0/2008TR

351/2008

Tibbi Lavoratuvarlarin Akkreditasyonu

IL10.0/2008EN

316/2008

Accreditation of Medical Laboratories

 

IL11.0/2008GR

318/2008

Διαπίστευση
Για την αξιοπιστία των υποδομών της Ποιότητας
Εισαγωγικό ενημερωτικό έντυπο

IL11.0/2007EN

357/2007

Accreditation
A tool to ensure the reliability of the Quality Infrastructure
An informative booklet

 

IL12.0/2007GR

329/2007

Οι περί ελέγχου συμμόρφωσης προς τις Αρχές Ορθής Εργαστηριακής Πρακτικής (ΟΕΠ) και συστήματος επιθεώρησης και διαπίστευσης των πειραματικών μονάδων και τόπων δοκιμών ΟΕΠ κανονισμοί του 2003
Κανονιστική Διοικητική Πράξη 363/2003

 

IL13.0/2009GR

107/2009

Έλεγχος και επιβεβαίωση των Αρχών Ορθής Εργαστηριακής Πρακτικής (ΟΕΠ)
Εφαρμογή της Κανονιστικής Διοικητικής Πράξης 363/2003

 

IL 14.0/2010GR

348/2010

Διαπίστευση και Ανταγωνιστικότητα

 

IL 15.0/2010GR

396/2010

Ο Ευρωπαϊκός Κανονισμός για τη Διαπίστευση

Proficiency Testing and Inter-Laboratory Comparisons

Why do we need comparisons?
Measurements in a laboratory should be consistent. This could be illustrated through repeatability and intra-laboratory reproducibility tests; however, the measurements may still significantly deviate from the "true value" due to bias of the laboratory related to methods and techniques and other internal factors. To this end, the laboratory needs to participate in comparisons, namely Proficiency Testing Schemes (PTs) and Inter-Laboratory Comparisons (ILCs). The following definitions apply:
PT : Determination of laboratory testing performance by means of inter-laboratory test comparisons.
ILC: Organization, performance and evaluation of tests on the same or similar test items by two or more laboratories in accordance with predetermined conditions.

Criteria for the acceptance of PT schemes/providers
A basic requirement for PT providers is their compliance with the requirements of ISO/IEC Guide 43-1:1997 and of ILAC-G13:2000. The issue of the ISO/IEC 17043 Standard and the need of its implementation as from the 1st of February 2010, set up a new framework for the accreditation of the providers of proficiency testing schemes. This compliance can be illustrated by the accreditation status; if this is not the case, the laboratory seeks other adequate evidence. In case PTs are not available, bilateral comparisons among laboratories, in Cyprus or abroad, could be accepted, provided that they are organised according to the abovementioned documents.

Laboratory obligations

  • The testing/ calibration laboratories shall demonstrate their performance through their participation in appropriate PTs.
  • The laboratory should be satisfied with the competence of the providers of PTs in which they participate.
  • The laboratory should participate in:
    • At least one activity in each area of the scope prior to granting accreditation,
    • One activity relating to each major sub-discipline of a laboratory's scope of accreditation within the 4-year accreditation cycle taking into consideration the availability of relevant schemes.  
  • The laboratory policy for participation in PTs shall be adequately described in the Quality Manual or in other operational documents. Such a description refers to planning, performance/ operation, evaluation, corrective action, documentation and records.
  • The accredited laboratories and those laboratories which are under assessment should be aware of the available PTs  organized by EA as well as other organizations. This information may be provided by the EA and CYS-CYSAB websites. (Indicative List of PT Schemes)
  • The laboratory shall be prepared to justify non participation in available PTs, where one or more appropriate scheme exists.
  • When a laboratory applies for accreditation, it has to provide CYS-CYSAB with information regarding its participation in PTs/ILCs.

The procedure OP 08 is relevant.

Ηow to establish traceability of measurements

Τhe Guidance Document for the traceability of measurements and the calibration of equipment (GD 02) has been recently prepared to provide a guidance to laboratories and inspection bodies how to achieve the required traceability of measurements. The document reflects the requirements of the recently published ILAC P10:2013. The 1st of January 2014 is defined as the date for its implementation.

 
 
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