According to the legislation i.e. The Standardization,
Accreditation and Technical Notification Law (N.156(I)2002),
the Cyprus Organization for the Promotion of Quality (CYS-CYSAB),
has been designated as the authorised body for the operation
of Accreditation System in Cyprus. With the revised Law 10(Ι)/2010 the
organizationn was designated as the national Accreditation
body within the contex of regulation (EC)
No 765/2008 After
an unanimous decision of the General Assembly of EA (European
co-operation for Accreditation)
CYS-CYSAB became a full member of this European institution.
With the revised law for Accreditation, Standardization
and Technical Notification Law 57(I)/2011 ,
some important changes have been introduced for full alignment
with the regulation (EC)
a recognition by an authorised body after an assessment
that an institution is competent to carry out specified tasks.
Through such an assessment the reliability of the service
offered is documented. The case of testing is of great importance,
mainly due to requirements introduced by legislation. In
many cases such requirements refer to the need of adequate
and reliable laboratory infrastructure. This is of interest
to all stakeholders i.e. manufacturers and suppliers, traders,
conformity assessment bodies and consumers as well as the
competent authorities within their responsibilities to ensure
the implementation of the law.
Accreditation deals with the technical competence of both
the personnel and the infrastructure. This is related not
only to the competence itself but to the independence and
integrity of the laboratory. The scope is described in a
certificate and it may represent only a small part of the
overall activities of the body being assessed.
Why Accreditation is required
In today΄s society the increase of awareness of both the
consumers rights and the responsibilities of the competent
authorities underlines the usefulness of accreditation which
is, indeed, an indispensable tool for the operation of the
single European Market. Accredited laboratories provide a
reliable framework for the free movement of goods over existing
frontiers. Cypriot producers selling their products abroad,
could document their quality on the basis of the product
certificate. As a result, no further testing is carried out
in the country of destination provided that the laboratory
which has issued the acceptance certificate is an accredited
one on the specific activity.
The establishment of Cyprus Accreditation Body
A six month project (October 2003 - March 2004) funded by
the European Commission, has been implemented in cooperation
with DANAK (the Danish Accreditation Body). The project
included a number of activities e.g. training of candidate assessors,
stakeholders, attendance of candidate assessors as
observers in accreditation activities of DANAK in Denmark,
preparation of the framework of the Quality System etc. The
Quality System has been further elaborated in line with the
requirements of the standard CYS EN ISO/IEC 17011.
The Fields of
Accreditation Services cover
the basic conformity assessment activities.
The organization structure of CYSAB reflects the
existing needs in relation to existing potential of the organization.
Cyprus in Europe!
In Europe there is a number of requirements regarding accreditation.
National accreditation bodies should comply with these requirements
to achieve mutual recognition. In August 2004, CYS applied
for full membership in EA (European co-operation for Accreditation).
After unanimous approval by the EA General Assembly (Zagreb,
November 2004), CYS-CYSAB became a full member of EA.
Developments in Europe
CYS-CYSAB'S membership in EA ensures efficient access to
developments regarding accreditation. The participation
in some basic committees was considered of high importance.
- ΕΑ-LC-Laboratory Committee
- EA-IC-Inspection Committee
- EA-CC-Certification Committee
- EA-HHC-Horizontal Harmonization Committee
- EA-MAC-Multilateral Agreement Committee
Through this participation, CYS-CYSAB is becoming more competent
to provide accreditation services for the whole range of
conformity assessment bodies (laboratories, inspection and
certifications bodies) which will play an important role
Bodies within the New
Approach Directives.The involvement of CYS-CYSAB
in the notification procedure of inspection bodies is vital;
based on the relevant legislation requirements of the competent
authority and the corresponding European legislation, CYS-CYSAB
undertakes the technical assessment of Bodies applied for
notification in specific sectors of activity. CYS-CYSAB formulated
the policy and issued the Guidance
Document for Certification and/or Inspection Bodies for the
Inspection of the Installation of Lifts regarding their
Notification and/or Accreditation.
In the meantime, the requirement for laboratories to be
accredited becomes more and more frequent, especially in
sectors related to health and safety e.g. food, medicines,
environmental measurements, medical laboratories, dangerous
CYS-CYSAB is looking forward to offer services all over
Cyprus, provided that relevant political conditions are ensured.
Accreditation as well as other tools for the implementation
of the European Acqui could be proven to be a unifying factor
in Cyprus Society. The first basic steps i.e. translation
of documents in Turkish, are already being made.
CYS-CYSAB has recently signed a Protocol for Cooperation
with the Hellenic Accreditation System (ESYD).
This will facilitate the smooth operation of CYS-CYSAB as
well as the speeding up of its preparation towards the signing
of Multilateral Agreement within EA.
Two Technical Committees dealing with accreditation matters:
TE1 for testing and TE2 for calibration.
other Bodies in Cyprus.
CYS-CYSAB in particular is in good cooperation with
scientific and professional bodies in Cyprus. CyprusLab
and Cyprus-Eurachem Committee are among the most important
ones, facilitating the interactions with the respective European
fora, namely EUROLAB and EURACHEM.
CYS-CYSAB has published the following informative leaflets:
Proficiency Testing and Inter-Laboratory Comparisons
Why do we need comparisons?
Measurements in a laboratory should be consistent. This could
be illustrated through repeatability and intra-laboratory
reproducibility tests; however, the measurements may
still significantly deviate from the "true value" due to
bias of the laboratory related to methods and techniques
and other internal factors. To this end, the laboratory
needs to participate in comparisons, namely Proficiency
Testing Schemes (PTs) and Inter-Laboratory Comparisons
(ILCs). The following definitions apply:
PT : Determination of laboratory testing performance by means
of inter-laboratory test comparisons.
ILC: Organization, performance and evaluation of tests on
the same or similar test items by two or more laboratories
in accordance with predetermined conditions.
Criteria for the acceptance of PT schemes/providers
A basic requirement for PT providers is their compliance
with the requirements of ISO/IEC Guide 43-1:1997 and of
ILAC-G13:2000. The issue of the ISO/IEC 17043 Standard
and the need of its implementation as from the 1st of
February 2010, set up a new framework for the accreditation
of the providers of proficiency testing schemes. This
compliance can be illustrated by the accreditation status;
if this is not the case, the laboratory seeks other adequate
evidence. In case PTs are not available, bilateral comparisons
among laboratories, in Cyprus or abroad, could be accepted,
provided that they are organised according to the abovementioned
- The testing/ calibration laboratories shall demonstrate
their performance through their participation in appropriate
- The laboratory should be satisfied with the competence
of the providers of PTs in which they participate.
- The laboratory should participate in:
- At least one activity in each area of the scope prior
to granting accreditation,
- One activity relating to each major sub-discipline
of a laboratory's scope of accreditation within the 4-year
accreditation cycle taking into consideration the availability
of relevant schemes.
- The laboratory policy for participation in PTs shall
be adequately described in the Quality Manual or in other
operational documents. Such a description refers to planning,
performance/ operation, evaluation, corrective action,
documentation and records.
- The accredited laboratories and those laboratories which
are under assessment should be aware of the available PTs organized
by EA as well as other organizations. This information
may be provided by the EA and CYS-CYSAB websites. (Indicative
List of PT Schemes)
- The laboratory shall be prepared to justify non participation
in available PTs, where one or more appropriate scheme
- When a laboratory applies for accreditation, it has to
provide CYS-CYSAB with information regarding its participation
OP 08 is relevant.
Ηow to establish traceability of measurements
Τhe Guidance Document for the traceability of measurements
and the calibration of equipment (GD
02) has been recently
prepared to provide a guidance to laboratories and inspection
bodies how to achieve the required traceability of measurements.
The document reflects the requirements of the recently published
ILAC P10:2013. The 1st of January 2014 is defined as the
date for its implementation.